On 18 August 2008, the eastern embankment of Kosi was breached near Kusaha village, Nepal, about 12 km upstream of the barrage. The flood water spread over a great extent covering Supaul, Saharsa, Madhepura, and parts of Araria and Purnea districts, causing severe damage to life and property. The damage was spread across 3000 sq km of land area and about 33,45,545 people have been affected in one way or the other.
The government of Bihar recognized the need for ‘Planning’ for effective reconstruction and building of resilient communities. Three levels of plans shall be prepared at the first phase (Pilots). Settlement plans shall be carried out at village level, district plans at the district level and the regional plan shall be prepared for the flood affected areas as a whole.
The larger objective of the planning and reconstruction process would be to facilitate the building back of better systems and thereby more resilient communities. Going a step further, such a process would aim at prevention of a disaster in the event of a flood.